India is the country which is full of religious people. According to Hindu mythology, Teej Festival is a very popular fasting festival among the Hindu women. The fasting day of Teej is very vital as women pray to the goddess for their marital bliss and a happy life. It is believed that on this day the divine couple Lord Shiva and mother Parvati reunited with each other after hundreds of years. The myth behind the celebration is the goddess Parvati’s strong meditation before her union with Lord Shiva for which she took 108 births on the earth. The myth goes that she failed 107 times to have Lord Shiva as her life partner but at a 108th time finally the divine union happened.
Teej is celebrated with great joy and colorful customaries. It is mainly celebrated with a lot of zeal and excitement in the states of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, Rajasthan, Jaipur, and Kathmandu (in Nepal). It is mainly the festival of both married and unmarried women. Teej is basically the celebration of the reunion of mother Parvati and Lord Shiva. The unmarried women wish for an ideal husband during this occasion and sing songs which are considered as a symbol of future happiness whereas the married women wish long-lasting union with their husband. This festival is more famous amongst the people of Rajasthan and thus the celebration of Teej remains exclusive to Jaipur region. Jaipur and Rajasthan become the center of attraction during this festival as they organize fairs which reflects their tradition and culture that attracts the tourist from all over the country. The festival is made into an even more memorable if it rains on the day of the Teej.
During this occasion women like to pamper and beautify themselves, buy beautiful sarees and accessories, apply mehndi on their hands (special motifs of later and Teej are used to match the mood of Teej), sing songs, offer prayers to goddess Parvati and enjoys the monsoons. Women are mostly seen in red, yellow, and green colors which make them more beautiful. The young girls dress up in beautiful lehenga with a laheriya chunri and also performs various dances. On this day the girls are completely excused from the household works. On this occasion girls get a gift from their parents comprising of sets of beautiful sarees eatables etc. for the first year after marriage, called as baya, girls who are engaged to marry get gifts from their in-law’s house a day before the festival.
A variety of special sweet dishes are being prepared such as ghevar, kheerpuri, sheera, gujiya, kajukatli, badamkahalwa, etc. The pooja is done in the morning by decorating a chowk where the idol or picture of mother Parvati is placed. Swings are the special attraction of this occasion. Swings are hung from the Banyan trees and are decorated with flowers. Young girls and women swing on them and sing songs and enjoy the beautiful atmosphere of Teej. The colors of the monsoon, the fragrance of flowers and the happiest environment creates a romantic atmosphere around the fair. Teej plays a significant role in defining a true nature of the relationship between married couples and also strengthen the relationship. Teej really shows how much the wife is dedicated and committed towards her husband by keeping fast throughout the day for the long and healthy life of their husbands, by seeing this the husbands also feel special. While watching all these, husbands’ feels more close to their wives and reciprocate the same by being more loving and caring. As per the Teej rituals, women should keep a lamp lit overnight if the oil lamp dies away it is considered as a bad omen.
There are mainly 3 kinds of Teej in a year namely- Hariyali Teej (also called Chhoti Teej), followed by the Kajari Teej (also called Badi Teej) held after fifteen days of Hariyali Teej and then the Hartalika Teej which is celebrated after one month of Kajari Teej. All the three types are celebrated with great joy and happiness. Among all these Hartalika Teej is most famous.
Festival Teej got its name from the Teej insect which appears during the monsoon season only. Teej has been observed for many years. Each of the different forms of Teej has different importance and significance.
It was previously celebrated in the parts of Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, and Maharashtra and in some of the parts of Punjab, Haryana, and Bihar. It is held in the Shravan month. The greenery during this month creates the best atmosphere to celebrate the Hariyali Teej by singing the songs and dancing.
During this festival, Vindrawan has a festive air. The idols of Lord Krishna and Radha is beautifully decorated and the golden swing is displayed for attracting visitors from all over the world. Offerings to mother Parvati are also given. On this occasion, the moon is also prayed along with the goddess Parvati. Women usually wear green bangles and ornaments on this day as green is the most favored color during the Hariyali Teej. Fairs are also organized in many places.
It is celebrated on the third day of Krishna paksha (dark fortnight) of Hindu month of Bhadrapada. It got its name from the blackish colors of the clouds during this period which gives a signal about the onset of rains. This type of teej is mainly celebrated in Mirzapur and Varanasi. One of the main attractions of the Kajari teej of Bundi in Rajasthan is the procession wherein the goddess is taken through the city. On this Teej, women gather to sing a song and the Neem tree is worshiped along with the goddess.
It got its name from the name of the goddess Parvati is known as Hartalika. The festival takes place during the first fortnight of the Bhadrapada month. It is mostly celebrated in Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, Rajasthan, Chhattisgarh, and in some parts of Maharashtra. In this Teej, women keep fast for three days without having water on the second day.
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