Indian is widely known as the country of festivals. In India, each and every month of the calendar holds a festival to be celebrated. India widely known for its tradition among all other countries and contains more than four religion peoples. Every people with their own religion has their own set of festivals which they celebrate integrated. Each and every festival has its own signature and the style of celebrating it.
Each and every festival that is celebrated in India has their uniqueness in their own sense. The celebrations and traditions of every festival always vary from one region to the others. As a fact, every festival has a unique story or a history behind it. This story is the only reason people give more importance to tradition and culture, the same as their ancestors.
India is a land of different culture and ethnicity; people of the nation are celebrating lots of colorful festivals of different religions. Some of the important and famous festivals of India are:
- Maha Shivaratri
- Ganesh Chaturthi
- Krishna Janmashtami
- Raksha Bandhan
- Bakra Eid
Pongal is a festival of thanksgiving to nature and representing to start the first harvest of the year. It is a four-day long harvest festival which is mainly celebrated in the region of South India and also one of the most famous festivals of India. On the day of celebration, people prepare Pongal and other dishes and wear their traditional dress. Celebrations of Pongal include dance, bonfires, cattle races, savories, and sweets. The people decorate their houses with flowers and attractive Kolam designs. One of the important celebrations of Pongal is Jallikattu. It is a famous traditional game in south India on Pongal celebration.
Maha Shivaratri a devotion to Lord Shiva. This Indian festival holds a great reverence as a dedication to Lord Shiva among the devotees. It has huge importance in Hindu mythology by celebrating the 14th day of the dark fortnight by worshipping Lord Shiva. It always has a belief that whoever worships Lord Shiva on this night will attain salvation and get redemption from all their sins. As a traditional festival, it is believed as an important festival for all unmarried and married women to attain marital bliss.
Holi: Festival of Colours
Holi in India is also known as the festival of colors. It is one of the famous festivals among Indians, which is celebrated with lots of fervor across the country. People on the eve of Holi, make a huge Holi bonfire and enjoy it by singing and dancing around it. On the special occasion of Holi, people gather together in open areas and play with colors by applying it on each other, with water guns and colored water filled in balloons.
Diwali: The Festival of Lights
The festival represents Lord Rama and his wife Sita’s return with Lakshmana from the forest after a long period of 14 years. Diwali is one of the most significant Hindu festivals that is celebrated in India and also all around the world by the Hindus. It is always called as festival of lights because on the day of Diwali houses are decorated with flowers, clay lamps, and colorful lights. People tend to wear new clothes and participate in the family puja. The important celebration on Diwali is people burst crackers with their friends and family members and share sweets.
Christmas (Celebrating the Birth of Jesus)
Christmas is a world famous and important festival all around the world to celebrate the birth of Lord Jesus. Being one the most significant and awaited festival, Christmas happens to bring luck and blessing from Jesus for all elders and children. Everyone in India regardless of their religion considers this day as their own festival and celebrate it. Children specifically wait for surprise gifts from Santa. Everyone go to Church and the churches are lit up and also decorated beautifully to celebrate the birth of Lord Jesus.
Ganesh Chaturthi is to celebrate the birthday of Lord Ganesha (the elephant-headed God). Ganesh Chaturthi is an important Hindu religious festival all over India. It is a 10-day festival of colorful decoration, pujas, and celebrations. Huge handcrafted Ganesh statue is kept and worshipped in homes and outdoors, also in public places. Pujas are performed for God in the morning and evening. The last day is known as the day of Visarjan, where the statue is immersion in the water body. Cultural activities such as singing, dancing, and color full enjoyment will take place also free blood and medical donation camps are also held.
Raksha Bandhan symbolizes the strong bonding between a brother and sister. It is a famous festival in India especially for North Indians is celebrated among Hindu. It signifies the bonding of brother-sister, during the festival, the sister performs prayer for brothers apply tilak, and ties rakhi on the brother’s wrist and wishing him for his well-being. The brother in return will take an oath to protect his sister.
Onam is to celebrate the homecoming of the legendary king Mahabali. Onam is an important festival in India, where people tend to wear traditional clothes and decorate their houses with Pookalam-floral designs and prepare Onasadya, which is an elaborate meal of about 13 dishes. Events such as snake boat race, clap dance, Kathakali dance, and the Pulikali procession which is an event where the artists are dressed and painted like tigers and hunters are also held.
Bakra Eid is one of the important Muslims festivals. It is an important function to celebrate the Eid al-Adha. Eid is one of the important and major festivals for the Muslim community. People who celebrate it will dress up in fineries and attend a special community prayer in the morning of Bakra Eid. They also visit friends and relative’s homes and exchange sweets. Children’s will get sweets and surprise gifts from the elders.
As an Indian each and every citizen of India together without any discrimination, they celebrate each and every festival unitedly.