Independence Day 2019
Independence Day 2019 is celebrated by India on August 15 every year. India was declared an independent nation on August 15, 1947. It is a public holiday and an auspicious day for the Indians who get the opportunity to pay homage to the freedom fighters. It is a national holiday and all the state level, regional level; national level offices will remain shut after hoisting the national flag.
History of Independence Day in India
Indian Subcontinent was outpost by some European traders in the 17th century. It was slaved by British East India Company due to its big military strength. They established local kingdoms and forces all through India during the 18th century. The people of India started the great independence revolution in 1857. That Indian Rebellion is called the Great rebellion, the revolt of 1857, Indian Mutiny, Sepoy Mutiny, Uprising of 1857.
Revolt of 1857 was effective after which many civic societies have emerged all across India. One of them was the Indian National Congress (INC) which was formed in 1885. The period of unhappiness and dissatisfaction has raised the non-violent movements all through the nation that was led by Mahatma Gandhi.
In the meeting in 1929 of Indian National Congress India was declared Purna Swaraj. Earlier, the Indian Independence Day is declared on January 26th between 1930 to 1947. Indian citizens were requested to follow the civil disobedience and as well as timely instructions by Indian National Congress until complete Independence.
After World War II the British Government ensured that they will no longer be able to show the power on India. Indian Freedom Fighters were fighting continuously and the British decided to free the nation India but after the independence Hindu Muslim violence took place which resulted in separating India and Pakistan. The first Governor-General in Karachi Pakistan was Muhammad Ali Jinnah. And the Prime Minister of India was Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru In the midnight of 15 August, 1947 India was declared an Independent Country by Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru where he gave his speech over tryst and destiny.
The Indian Independence Act 1947:
The Indian Independence Act was ruled on 15th August 1947 by UK parliament. The judicial sovereignty was transmitted to the Indian Constituent Assembly.
Symbols of Independence Day:
Independence Day is symbolized by kite-flying event. People buy the kites of various shapes, colors, and styles. The very important symbol of the Independence Day is the Red Fort in Delhi. It is the place where the Indian Prime Minister Unveiled the Indian Flag on 15th August 1947.
National Flag of India
The Indian National Flag is horizontal tricolor of Saffron, White, and Green. The wheel in the centre is the representation of the Chakra which appears on the abacus of Pillar Ashoka.
The flag was approved on 22nd July 1947 and presented to the Indian nation on 15th August 1947 when the first Prime Minister Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru hoisted the flag in Red Fort, Delhi.
Why we celebrate Indian Independence Day?
This is an important day in which the national flag of India was raised and free India was born.
The Indian leaders were overflowing with joy to lead an independent life and get freedom from their colonial masters. On midnight of 15th August 1947, the Indian leaders raised the national flag at the red fort to celebrate the victory of Indian Independence.
The freedom fighters sacrificed their lives to end the British Rule in India. Every year, Indians all around the world praise this day as their Independence recollecting the penances made by the fighters for freedom, soldiers, and many people.
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Hundreds of years before 1947 India were ruled by foreign invaders and they administered or ruled India for their benefit of getting rich by utilizing the country’s wealth and not for the betterment of India.
For many years the Indians did not comprehend the rule of foreigners and they kept quite. It was just amid the British rule, influenced the western education that the educated Indians started to understand the blessings of independence and self-rule.
Indians celebrate Independence Day as that reminds everyone that we are citizens of India and we have the responsibility to safeguard the solidarity of the nation.
Where Independence Day is celebrated?
On the occasion of Indian Independence Day, the whole of the nation unites together to celebrate the historic day that marks the freedom from 200 years British Rule. The Indian Independence Day is held throughout the country, in every city, village, and district. The Prime Minister of India starts the day with the unfurling of the Indian flag at the red fort.
Similar types of events are held throughout the nation. The chief ministers of each state will host the national flag while the national anthem will be sung. Schools, Government, non-government organizations, universities also have flag-raising ceremony and cultural shows will take place to reflect India’s diversity.
Wagah – Attari Border
India and Pakistan, Nuclear neighbours will be replacing the gates on the zero lines between the bordering towns of Wahga and Attari on their independence days on August 14thand 15th.
These days mark the transfer of power to the two countries as separate dominions with a gap of 24 hours in between.
This is the border which links Pakistani Punjabi city of Lahore and Indian Punjab city of Amristar, it is one of the three places where hundreds of people from two sides witness lowering of flags every day.
Independence Day 2019 is the 73rd Independence Day to be celebrated by the Indians on August 15th. Prime Minister Narendra Modi has invited suggestions from the people for his Independence Day speech. For the past 4 years, our Prime Minister had directly invited suggestions and ideas from the common man or people for his Independence Day speech. An open forum has been formed on the NaMo App to receive suggestions.
Independence Day is pragmatic in all states and union territories. On the eve of the Indian Independence Day, the President of India delivers the Address to the nation. On 15th August, the prime minister of India will hoist the Indian flag on the rampant of the historical site Red Fort. 21 gunshots are fired on the occasion. He pays tribute to the leaders of the national movement. A speech is given by the Prime Minister and he highlights the past year’s achievements, calls for further developments, raises important issues, etc. The speech is followed by a march-past of the divisions of paramilitary forces and Indian armed forces. Pageants showcase the scenes of freedom struggle and parades and India’s diverse cultural traditions.
Until 1973, the governor of state hoisted the national flag in states. In 1974, the TamilNadu Chief Minister M. Karunanidhi took up the issue to then the prime minister of India Indira Gandhi that Chief Minister’s of each state should be allowed to hoist the flag on Independence Day just like Prime Minister.
Hence Independence Day is celebrated with great enthusiasm and also to honour the leaders of the Indian national movement, freedom fighters, etc.