Dooars and Terai region
Dooars and Terai region: In Assamese, Bengali, Maithili, Bhojpuri and Magahi languages, Dooars means Doors. The Dooars is the part of the Terai-Duar Savanna and grasslands ecoregion. This region elasticities over about 350 Km from the Teesta River in West Bengal to the Dhanshiri River in Assam and is about 30 km wide. In other words, the Dooras region forms the gateway to Bhutan. The dooras are the sedimentary floodplains in northeastern India that lie south of the outer slopes of the Himalayas and north of the Brahmaputra River basin.
The Terai could be a lowland region in Southern Asian Country and northern India. The area lies in the south of the outer foothills of the Himalayas, the Siwalik hills and to the north of the Indo-Gangetic Plain. Tall grasslands characterize this low-lying belt, scrub savannah, sal forests and clay-rich swamps. In northern Bharat, the Terai spreads from the Yamuna River eastward transversely Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, and Bihar. The Terai is part of the Terai-Duar savanna and grasslands ecoregion. The conforming lowland region in West Bengal, Bangladesh, Bhutan and Assam in the Brahmaputra River basin is called ‘Dooars.’
The Dooars-Terai tea is considered by a bright, smooth and full-bodied liquor that’s a wee bit lighter than Assam tea. The Western Dooars is known as the Bengal Dooars and the Eastern Dooars known as the Assam Dooars. There are 18 passages or gateways through which the Bhutanese people can interconnect with the people living in the plains. Dooars is identical with the term Terai used in Nepal and northern India and forms the only nitrate-rich plain in India.
History of Terai Dooars
Dooars and Terai region: When talking about the history of the Dooars, originally they belonged under the Koch dynasty to the Kamata Kingdom. But later, Bhutan took the possession of Dooars by taking advantage of Koch Kingdom. It was in the year 1947, after the end of British rule in India that the Dooars consented into the province of India and it amalgamated with the Union of India in the year 1949.
Initially, the Nepal Terai was divided into several kingdoms until the mid-18th Century and forests were little disturbed. The Terai districts of Saptari, Siraha, Dhanusa, Mahottari, and Sarlahi were controlled by the Kingdom of Chaudandi which was ruled by Scion of Palpa Kingdom. The Makwanpur Kingdom controlled the central Terai region of Contemporary Asian Country Nepal.
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There are many tourist attractions in the Terai region which are Har Ki Pauri on the banks of the Ganges where the river enters the Terai plains, Lumbini which is the birthplace of Lord Buddha and is near Siddharthanagar, Bardia National Park which is near Nepalganj, Chitwan National Park which is near Bharatpur, and Janakpur.
The most exciting feature of the Dooars region is that it is famous for its wildlife sanctuaries where one can spot herds of deer, one-horned rhinos, elephants, guars and reptiles. The places of tourist attractions in the Dooars region are Jayanti, Bhutanghat, Buxa Fort, Malbazar, Teesta River, Hasimara, Coronation Bridge, Phuntsholing, Chalsa, Rajabhatkhawa, Jaldapara, Jaldhaka River, Sitai, Kunganagar, and Falakata. This region is famous for its tea gardens, forests and the river. It is considered as the best place for nature enthusiasts and adventure seekers.
The must-do activities in both the region are water rafting, trekking and jungle safaris.
The gateway of North-Eastern India
Siliguri town which is situated among the surrounding beautiful greenery and blessed with the Mahananda River. It is a primary hub of all tourist destinations and is a gateway of the North East. The Siliguri town and the Dooars Terai Region share the international borders with Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal and is exceptionally close to the edge of China too. There are many tourist attractions in Siliguri, which makes it the most popular hub for traveling beyond the highest expectations. Some of the tourist attractions include Bidhan Market which is the paradise for every shopper, Siliguri Park which is located on Mahananda river, Madhuban Park which is maintained by Indian Army, North Bengal Science center which is a unit of the National Council of Science Museums, and Mahananda wildlife sanctuary.
The best way to travel to the Terai Dooars region is the road as the roads are well connected to the area. Among the various routes, there are the three best routes to reach the Dooars region from the airport. The nearest airport to the Dooars is Bagdogra, but the reserved pre-paid taxi would be needed to hire to travel to the area. The one which takes minimum time because of the less traffic and is pretty scenic passes through a place known as Gajoldoba. The second route is through Sevoke Road, which is prevalent and picturesque. Both these routes meet at Odlabari and continue through Malbazar and Chalsa along with National Highway #17. At Chalsa one route NH-717 goes south towards Gorumara National Park (i.e., Murti, Lataguri, etc.) while the original route NH-17 continues towards Jaldapara and then leads to roads for Buxa Tiger Reserve. There is a third route from NJP which fits through Jalpaiguri and then arrives Gorumara National Park at Lataguri and goes north towards Murti and then Chalsa. This route is not relatively widespread though however availed by numerous bus services to Dooars from Siliguri to attach Jalpaiguri township.
And for the Terai region one can take the East-west highway which is famously known as Mahendra Highway crosses the Nepal Terai from Kankarbhitta on the eastern border in Jhapa District, Mechi Zone to Mahendranagar near the western frontier in Kanchanpur District, Mahakali Zone. It is the sole motor road spanning the country from east to west.
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In the Indian Terai region, tea cultivation is the primary source of prosperity. It was introduced in the Darjeeling Terai in the year 1862. While the primary source of economy is Agriculture in the Nepal Terai region. The Terai region is the most productive region in Nepal, with the majority of the country’s industries. In agriculture, the principal crops include rice, wheat, maize, peas, lentil, potato, mustard, sugar cane, ginger, turmeric, cardamom, chili, and garlic. Along with these crops, there is the cultivation of fruits too, which include mango, lychee, guava, papaya, banana, and jackfruit. Another remarkable thing in the Terai region is beekeeping and honey production.
The basis for the economy of the Dooars region is three T’s, which are tea, tourism, and timber. Similar to the Terai region, tea cultivation is the primary source of economy in the Dooars region. There are around thousands of people who are engaged in tea estates and factories. It is not just the tea cultivation but also the cultivation of betel nuts which have kept the several people engaged and contributes to the economy. Along with agriculture, the region attracts many tourists by several national parks and wildlife sanctuaries. The tourist comes from India as well as abroad, and therefore tourism becomes the major contributor to the economy of the Dooars region. The timber industry, both legally and illicitly, embellishments in this region. Several sawmills, plywood industries, and other allied business also act as an essential contributor to the economy. Since the Dooars are the gateway to Bhutan, another industry that flourishes in the region is the Import-Export industry. The crucial hubs for the import-export industry are the towns of Jaigon, Siliguri, and Phuentsholing.
Being near to the international borders of Bhutan, Nepal, and Bangladesh, the leading presence in the area, is also of the Border Security Force, the Central Reserve Police Force, Indian Army, and Indian Air Force. And this leads to a large population of semi-permanent residents who bring into the local economy.
Weather in Terai Dooars
The climate of the Dooars plains is similar to that of the remaining districts of North Bengal. It has long winter and more torrential rainfall, which is due to its proximity to the hills. The temperature in summer varies between 31.6 °C (Max) and 21.3 °C (Min) and the temperature in winter varies between 23.6 °C (Max) and 10.7 °C (Min). The region received the highest rainfall starting from June till August. The best time to visit the region is during November and December as it is also the festive time in the area. The area organizes many activities during this month like tourism fest, River rafting, jungle safari, and other similar events.
In the Terai region, the temperature in summer exceed 37° C and higher in some areas and the temperature in winter ranges from 7°C to 23°C. The best part of the terai region is the place can be visited at any time of the year. The climate is that of the Indo-Gangetic Plain, which is also found in northern India. In winter, it’s sunny and gentle, pleasantly heat throughtout the day but cool at night, occasionally even cold. The average temperatures in January are around 15 °C (59 °F). By March, the temperature rises considerably, and it begins to be hot, while from April to June it’s scorching hot, and highs can reach or exceed 40 °C (104 °F).